Poland wants to activate one
That’s what articles four and five of the NATO treaty say
After a Russian missile hit Poland, killing two people, the country turned to NATO. Poland is a member of the military alliance. This is in Articles 4 and 5 of the NATO Treaty.
Polish President Andrzej Duda wants to activate NATO’s fourth article.
Will NATO respond militarily to the destruction of a Russian missile in Poland? The Polish government wants to activate Article 4. Article four of the NATO treaty is used by member states that feel threatened by a state or terrorist organization.
Articles four and five of the NATO founding treaty of April 4, 1949 are the basic elements of the defense alliance. Above all, article five is considered to be the heart – it regulates the so-called alliance case.
Article four may not be followed by a military response
Article 4 states: “The Parties shall consult each other if, in the opinion of either Party, there is a threat to the territorial integrity, political independence or security of either Party.” This may not lead to specific reactions.
According to NATO information, the article has been used seven times since the founding of the alliance in 1949. The last time this happened was on February 24, 2022. After the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and the Czech Republic applied for it.
Article 5 regulates the attack against all
Article 5 provides that the Allies shall regard an armed attack against one or more of them as an attack against all of them. You agree to provide assistance. Specifically, this means that these are measures they consider necessary to restore and maintain the security of the North Atlantic region – including the use of force of arms.
Article 5 has been activated only once in the history of NATO, after the attacks of September 11, 2001. This led to the participation of Germany and other NATO countries in the war against the Taliban and the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan.
However, the wording of the article does not state that NATO countries would have to, for example, send their own troops to provide support. It only obliges you to immediately take the measures that the relevant NATO country deems necessary.
Recordings from Poland: The video shows a crater at the impact site(00:23)
The Polish president wants to de-escalate
Polish President Andrzej Duda tries to calm down and de-escalate the situation at a press conference. “We know that there was a Russian missile attack on Ukraine for most of the day, but we currently have no clear evidence of who launched the missile. The investigation continues,” said Duda.
He says it is very likely that Poland will activate Article 4 at Wednesday’s NATO meeting in Brussels. He said: “We are very calm.” (SDA/euc)