Potatoes, spinach, apples relieve symptoms

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A healthy diet can reduce the symptoms of chronic intestinal inflammation. Foods like potatoes, spinach, zucchini and plenty of fluids help.

Anyone who lives with chronic inflammation and bowel disease probably knows this: Loss of appetite and fear of discomfort often brings the pleasure of eating. However, since eating less and thus malnutrition can have a significant effect on the course of the disease, it is important that the sufferers eat according to the stage of the disease.

Ultimately, food intake for people with chronic intestinal inflammation should mean not only the supply of vital substances, but also bring a little more joy from eating. Paying attention to certain foods—especially during the sensitive and inflammatory phase—may make it easier to enjoy foods again.

Chronic inflammation in the intestine: now ten foods are suitable

Certain foods such as banana, apple and mango are recommended for people with chronic inflammatory bowel disease. (Iconic image) © DSom/Imago

The German Society for Nutrition (DGE) generally recommends consuming enough fiber for good digestion. However, this is generally not the case for patients with chronic inflammatory bowel diseases such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, or for patients with severe irritable bowel syndrome. High-fiber foods are not recommended during a flare-up with symptoms or complications such as intestinal constriction.

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In the case of chronic inflammation, a colonoscopy is usually performed twice a year in order to find out how the disease develops and what form of nutrition should be recommended so that there is no additional burden on the intestinal flora. Colon cancer precursors can also be detected during the examination.

Chronic inflammatory bowel disease: nutrition during and after a flare-up

Anyone with chronic bowel disease should pay attention to specific food intake and certain foods during and after a flare-up. During the inflammatory phase, many patients often have to resort to a special drinkable diet (so-called “astronaut food”) with essential proteins and nutrients such as vitamin B12, vitamin D, folic acid, zinc, potassium, magnesium, calcium and phosphate. Patients with a very severe course are then often dependent on nutrition through infusions in the outpatient clinic.

If there is no more disease activity, it is referred to as the resting phase, the so-called remission phase. After a liquid or artificial diet during a flare-up, food intake should only occur gradually as a gradual plan (steps 1 to 4) to allow the digestive tract to reacclimate. A slow meal plan is also recommended after surgery on the digestive tract. In the case of acute episodes with increased diarrhea, it is important not only to eat the right diet, but also to ensure a sufficient supply of fluids and plenty of drink, especially water.

Suitable foods are:

  • Boiled vegetables:
  • 1. Zucchini
  • 2. Carrot
  • 3. Spinach
  • 4. Potatoes
  • Fruit:
  • 5. Banana
  • 6. Applesauce
  • 7. Honeydew melons
  • 8. Mango puree
  • Fish and meat, both low-fat:
  • 9. Kalb
  • 10. Trout

This article contains only general information on the relevant health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. In no case does it replace a doctor’s visit. Unfortunately, our editors are not authorized to answer individual questions regarding clinical images.

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