Hypothyroidism: the reason for the unfulfilled desire to have children

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Couples who are unable to conceive should always consult their gynecologist. The reason may be the thyroid gland.

Diseases of the thyroid gland often remain unnoticed for a long time and are still not sufficiently investigated, especially in gynecology. Thyroid hormones regulate and influence many processes in the human body, such as a well-functioning digestion, hair growth or the development of a child even during pregnancy. However, a frequent cause of the inability to have children is insufficient or increased activity of the thyroid gland – about one in ten couples is childless due to a disorder of thyroid hormones.

Pregnancy: What hormones does a woman need to get pregnant

If the couple does not conceive, thyroid hormones should also be investigated more thoroughly as a reason (symbolic image) © YakobchukOlena/Imago

In order for a woman to become pregnant, not only age can play a role, various hormonal requirements should also be met: Estrogen is important for the uterus to be as well prepared as possible for a possible pregnancy and for the egg cell to be able to mature in it. The corpus luteum hormone, so-called progesterone, is also important for a woman to get pregnant and maintain a pregnancy. If a woman’s body doesn’t initially produce enough progesterone, the lining of the uterus can’t grow enough to accommodate a mature egg. The luteal hormone also serves to reduce physical stress and promote deep sleep. In addition, progesterone has a positive effect on the mobility of male sperm and supports them in penetrating the egg cell.

Hypothyroidism: the reason for the unfulfilled desire to have children

The thyroid gland, with its hormones, also takes on key functions in the female menstrual cycle and for the onset of pregnancy. Thyroid hormones have various effects on metabolism and thus on the gonads and sexual function Online doctor reported. In women, a poorly functioning thyroid gland can disrupt the menstrual cycle and the maturation of the egg cell. Insufficient thyroid function (hypothyroidism) can often lead to erectile dysfunction in men.

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Full-blown hypothyroidism with detectable hormone deficiency is not required. Studies show that even latent hypothyroidism with only an elevated TSH value can make it difficult to get pregnant Online doctor further. TSH stands for “Thyroid Stimulating Hormone” and stimulates the thyroid gland (thyroidea) to produce thyroid hormones.

In pregnant women with insufficient thyroid function, hormone levels should be carefully monitored, especially in the first weeks of pregnancy. Normal development of a child is not possible without thyroid hormones, says endocrinologist Professor Dr. medical Roland Gärtner from the Ludwig Maximilians University in Munich. In the first weeks of pregnancy, the fetus is completely dependent on the mother’s hormones. Because your thyroid gland has to produce up to 50 percent more thyroid hormone than it does in internists online she called. Thyroid disorders can be managed well with drug therapy. Hypothyroidism does not have to be treated long-term with hormonal tablets in all cases. The dreaded Hashimoto’s thyroiditis can also develop during pregnancy.

This article contains only general information on the relevant health topic and is therefore not intended for self-diagnosis, treatment or medication. In no case does it replace a doctor’s visit. Unfortunately, our editors are not authorized to answer individual questions regarding clinical images.

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