Coffee to reduce the risk of diabetes?
Coffee consumption appears to increase the risk Type 2 diabetes significantly reduce – at least in women with a history pregnancy diabetes. However, this only applies to caffeinated coffee.
International research team Jiaxi Yang of Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health has a connection between coffee consumption and risk for Type 2 diabetes studied in women with gestational diabetes. The results were published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition.
Does coffee protect against diabetes?
Caffeine is the most commonly consumed psychoactive substance worldwide, and in previous studies it has been associated with, among other things, a reduced risk of Parkinson’s disease and diabetes. Coffee and tea are the most common dietary sources of caffeine.
In the current study, scientists have now investigated the effect of coffee consumption 4,522 women who had a particularly high risk of developing type 2 diabetes because of a history of gestational diabetes.
It was found that the effect of both caffeinated and decaffeinated coffee on the risk of type 2 diabetes is above average Follow-up time 24 years detected. A subset of participants also had important biomarkers of glucose metabolism measured.
Only caffeinated coffee reduced the risk
Totally sick 979 participants type 2 diabetes with consumption caffeinated coffee was inversely associated with disease risk, researchers report.
As consumption increased, the risk decreased and more than four cups caffeinated coffee daily, according to experts, the likelihood of developing diabetes is reduced 54 percent less than if you don’t drink coffee at all. However, no significant effect was found for decaffeinated coffee.
Substitution analysis also showed that replacing one sugar-sweetened beverage per day with caffeinated coffee 17 percent lower risk of type 2 diabetes, the research team said.
Higher consumption of caffeinated coffee was also associated with lower levels in the subgroup Fasting insulin and C-peptide concentrations and consumption of decaffeinated coffee also reduced C-peptide concentrations.
The underlying mechanism is unclear
According to the results of the study, caffeinated coffee could High-risk population how women with a history of gestational diabetes contribute to reducing the risk of type 2 diabetes and improving the metabolic profile.
However, the exact mechanism of the association remains unclear. Further studies must prove whether components other than caffeine also play a significant role. (fp)
Author and source information
This text meets the requirements of the medical literature, medical guidelines and current studies and has been reviewed by health professionals.
- Jiaxi Yang, Deirdre K. Tobias, Shanshan Li, Shilpa N. Bhupathiraju, Sylvia H. Ley, Stefanie N. Hinkle, Frank Qian, Zhangling Chen, Yeyi Zhu, Wei Bao, Jorge E. Chavarro, Frank B. Hu, Cuilin Zhang : Habitual coffee consumption and subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes in individuals with a history of gestational diabetes – a prospective study; in: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (veröffentlicht 14.11.2022), Academy.oup.com
- Ling-Wei Chen: Is it caffeine? Coffee consumption and future risk of type 2 diabetes in women with a history of gestational diabetes; in: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition (veröffentlicht 15.11.2022), Academy.oup.com
This article contains general advice only and should not be used for self-diagnosis or treatment. It cannot replace a doctor’s visit.