Climate summit in Egypt: It has been decided

published

Sharm El SheikhThe UN climate conference in Egypt decided on it

Poorer countries have been demanding money for climate damages for three decades. They should get it now. The phasing out of coal mining was also reaffirmed.

1 / 5

Representatives from more than 200 countries attended the UN climate conference.

IMAGO/TT

Poorer countries have been demanding money for climate damages for three decades.  Now the world community has decided on pot.

Poorer countries have been demanding money for climate damages for three decades. Now the world community has decided on pot.

IMAGO/TT

It is said that 34,000 participants traveled to Egypt.

It is said that 34,000 participants traveled to Egypt.

IMAGO/TT

It’s about it

  • In 2015, the international community agreed in Paris to limit warming to 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times.

  • Seven years later, a climate summit was held in Egypt.

  • The conference, for which around 34,000 participants traveled to the Red Sea, went into overtime on Friday evening.

It’s a breakthrough after decades of debate: The World Climate Conference has agreed for the first time on a common compensation fund climate damage agreed in poorer countries. In their final statement early Sunday morning, roughly 200 states also reaffirmed their earlier decision to phase out coal.

Farewell to oil and gas but is not mentioned. The declaration thus falls short of the demands of many states, climate activists and experts who consider ending dependence on dirty energy sources a necessity.

Climate conference extended by more than 36 hours

The new compensation fund is intended to mitigate the inevitable consequences of global warming – which are becoming more frequent drought, floods and storms, but also rising sea levels and desertification. The issue was a major point of contention at the two-week conference in Sharm el-Sheikh, which was extended for more than 36 hours. The decision does not mention any amounts for the new fund or who exactly should pay. This will be specified later. Priority should be given to developing countries which are particularly at risk.

In the final declaration, states are also asked to improve their largely inadequate climate protection plans by the next climate conference at the latest. This will take place in the UAE at the end of 2023. Upgrades remain voluntary, no commitments are made.

34,000 participants traveled to Egypt

The conference, for which around 34,000 participants traveled to the Red Sea, went into overtime on Friday evening. By Saturday night, after slow and sometimes chaotic processes, there was concern in negotiating circles. After much deliberation, a breakthrough finally came early Sunday morning.

The US initially blocked the new compensation fund, while a group of more than 130 developing countries known as the G77 built pressure along with China. After initial reluctance, the European Union eventually changed its mind.

UN Secretary-General António Guterres called the new climate damage fund an important step towards justice. “This is certainly not enough, but it is an urgently needed signal to restore lost confidence.” Foreign Minister Annalena Baerbock (Greens) said: “We are opening a new chapter in climate policy.”

The controversial role of China

One controversial aspect of the issue is China’s role. The country that ranks first in emissions of climate-damaging emissions wants to continue to be considered a developing country in international climate protection. This was established in the Kyoto Protocol 30 years ago. Western countries no longer want to classify this country as a receiving country because of its economic power and role as the largest producer of greenhouse gases. Chinese negotiator Xie Zhenhua said developing countries should get the money, but gave priority to “vulnerable states”.

In view of the urgent need to limit global warming, environmental organizations are not providing sufficient testimony to the conference. The “depressing result” does not go beyond last year’s climate conference, criticized climate expert Jan Kowalzig of Oxfam. It was not even possible to focus clearly on the expansion of renewable energies – which was mainly due to the opposition of Saudi Arabia.

In 2015, the international community agreed in Paris to limit warming to 1.5 degrees compared to pre-industrial times. The world has now warmed a good 1.1 degrees, Germany even more. According to scientific warnings, exceeding the limit of 1.5 degrees significantly increases the risk of triggering so-called tipping elements in the climate system and thus uncontrollable chain reactions.

Don’t miss more news

With a daily update, you will be informed about your favorite topics and will not miss any other news about current world events.
Get the most important information every day straight to your mailbox.

(dpa/fos)

Leave a Comment