Food – The benefit – or harm – of vitamin D screening in adults without evidence of vitamin D deficiency is unclear. This conclusion was reached by the scientific team at IGeL Monitor, a facility of the Federal Medical Service.
Examination for early detection of vitamin D deficiency is an individual health service (IGeL). In the 2020 IGeL Monitor report, it was among the 20 most frequently mentioned self-pay services. In many surgeries, it is offered alone or in combination with other vitamin determinations as a “vitamin check”.
However, the Monitor researchers found no studies examining the benefits or harms of screening in adults without signs of vitamin D deficiency.
“The results of studies on vitamin D intake are largely based on studies of people aged 50 and over. In younger people, there were almost no results of studies on this question,” reports the IGeL Monitor working group. Studies of treating vitamin D deficiency in people who have no symptoms have also shown no benefit in people who live independently.
According to the researchers, further studies examining the advantages and disadvantages of screening for vitamin D deficiency compared with no screening are needed to adequately assess the benefits and harms.
“People living in medical or nursing facilities appear to benefit from vitamin D supplementation, so screening for vitamin D deficiency in this group of people could be useful,” the task force reports.
The IGeL Monitor develops an evidence-based self-payer assessment for policyholders. The “Vitamin D Deficiency Screening” service is the 56th service evaluated by the IGeL monitor. © hil/aerzteblatt.de